疼痛管理とは?
What is Pain Management?

効果的な非侵襲的疼痛管理治療は、生活の質を向上させることができます。

Effective Non-invasive Pain management treatment can Improve your quality of life.


筋骨格系の問題 - 疼痛管理

Common Musculoskeletal problems - Pain Management


Sinopharm COVID-19 & Latest Influenza Vaccines (Protects against Flu and H1N1 Viruses) / PCR COVID Testing / Serology Tests for Travellers & Serology Testing to Certify Vaccination status. Make your Appointment at Tel: 6694 1661

Sinopharm COVID-19 & 最新のインフルエンザワクチン (インフルエンザおよび H1N1 ウイルスから保護) / PCR COVID テスト / 旅行者向けの血清学検査 & ワクチン接種状況を証明するための血清学検査。電話でご予約ください: 6694 1661


妊娠中の非侵襲的鎮痛治療

坐骨神経痛とは、坐骨神経の問題によって引き起こされる背中の痛みを指します。これは、腰から各脚の後ろに伸びる大きな神経です。何かが坐骨神経を傷つけたり圧迫したりすると、腰、臀部、脚に広がる腰の痛みを引き起こす可能性があります.

このような痛みを軽減する効果的な非侵襲的非薬理学的方法について学びましょう。

Non-invasive Pain Relief Treatment during Pregnancy

Effective Non-Pharmacological way to alleviate pain

Sciatica refers to back pain caused by a problem with the sciatic nerve. This is a large nerve that runs from the lower back down the back of each leg. When something injures or puts pressure on the sciatic nerve, it can cause pain in the lower back that spreads to the hip, buttocks, and leg.


関節内および関節周囲の痛みのパターン

疼痛緩和の管理、治療および治療:

非侵襲的、非薬理学的疼痛管理、神経根障害(神経痛)の治療、病気、病気、痛みの軽減

  • 脊椎マニピュレーション - 関節の問題
  • 術後/入院後のリハビリ/理学療法訓練を受けた医療スタッフ
  • 非侵襲的疼痛管理 妊娠中の治療
  • 線維筋痛症/めまいの管理
  • 肥満管理 – 運動と食事の計画
  • 不安、うつ病、処方薬の使用を減らす


藤原 崇紀 / Taka Fujiwara

カイロプラクティック科担当

南カリフォルニア健康科学大学(アメリカ)卒

アメリカ政府認定・カイロプラクター


2020年3月よりMDIMC (MD エム・ディー メディカル) にて勤務開始 

ロサンゼルス、日本、シンガポールのクリニックで診療経験を積んできました。

カイロプラクティックの治療では、背骨、骨盤、関節の歪みを見つけ、ねじれ、傾き、深さなどを三次元的に判断し、その変位の方向・程度に合わせて精密に矯正します。首、肩、背中、腰、頭痛などの痛みでお困りの方は是非一度お試しください。

鎮痛治療、治療および管理

Pain Relief Treatment, Therapy & Management


疼痛緩和の管理、治療および治療:

非侵襲的、非薬理学的疼痛管理、神経根障害(神経痛)の治療、病気、病気、痛みの軽減

  • 脊椎マニピュレーション - 関節の問題
  • 術後/入院後のリハビリ/理学療法訓練を受けた医療スタッフ
  • 非侵襲的疼痛管理 妊娠中の治療
  • 線維筋痛症/めまいの管理
  • 肥満管理 – 運動と食事の計画
  • 不安、うつ病、処方薬の使用を減らす


Pain Relief Management, Treatment & Therapy:

Pain Treatment & Therapy

Non-invasive, Non-pharmacological Pain management, Treatment for Radiculopathies (Nerve pain), Decreases Disease, Illness, Pains & Aches

Spinal Manipulation - Joints Issues

Shoulder – Frozen Shoulder/ Rotator Cuff Tear/ Impingement Syndrome, Elbow – Tennis Elbow/ Golf Elbow, Hip / Knee – Anterior Knee Pain/ Runner’s Knee/ Meniscus Injury/ Ligament Injury

Pain Relief Management

- Migraines & Headaches, Facial Palsy

- Neck Pain

Neckaches/ Spondylosis/ Wry Neck/ Whiplash

- Sports Injuries / Rib Issues

Athletic injuries - Tennis/Golfers Elbow (pain on the outside or inside of your elbow), Patella tendonitis / tendonosis (Jumper’s Knee)

- Ankle & Foot issues

Plantar Fasciitis/ Heel Pain/ Metatarsalgia

- TMJ / Carpal Tunnel Issues

- Back & Shoulder Pain

Back Strain / Slipped Disc / Scoliosis / Sciatica / Spondylosis / Spondylolisthesis / Spondylolysis, Shoulder impingement/Frozen shoulder

- Joint Pain

Arthritis / Cartilage Wear & Tear / Osteoarthritis, Patellofemoral Knee pain (or pain at the front of the knee)

Better Posture & Movement

Posture issue – Scoliosis, Ligament – Sprains / ACL Laxity / Ankle Sprain, Muscle – Strains / ITB Tightness / Hamstring Tear Tendons – Tendonitis / Repetitive Strain Injury / Tendinopathy

Increased Wellness & Quality of Life

Improving Breathing / Sleep / Energy

Better Health, Happiness & Well-being, Stress management, Increased circulation, Reduced pain, Faster rehabilitation from injury, Increased lymphatic flow, Breaks up muscular scar tissue, Reduced lactic acid build up, Tissue Regeneration, Soft & Active tissue release

Fibromyalgia / Vertigo Management

Decrease anxiety, depression & prescription drug use

Post-Operation/ Post-Hospitalization Rehabilitation / Physiotherapy-trained Medical staff

Improved Immune system & Strength, Better Mobility & Wellbeing

Obesity control – Exercise & Meal Planning

Non-invasive Pain management Treatment during Pregnancy

Effective Non-pharmacological way to alleviate pain from Sciatica. When something injures or puts pressure on the sciatic nerve, it can cause pain in the lower back that spreads to the hip, buttocks, and leg.


疼痛緩和の管理と治療、予防接種、健康診断、COVID とアレルギーの検査、皮膚科の治療、軽度の外科手術

Pain Relief Management & Treatment, Vaccinations, Health Screening, COVID & Allergy Testing, Dermatology Treatments, Minor Surgical Procedures


Professional Medical Equipment

Pain Relief Management, Treatment & Therapy

Advanced Therapeutic Technology

Traction Therapy

MD International Medical Center Tel: 6694 1661 で治療の予約をしてください。

Make your medical appointment for treatment at MD International Medical Centre Tel: 6694 1661.

Back Pain and Your Brain: William S. Marras at TEDxOhioStateUniversity

Ph.D., CPE. William S. Marras holds the Honda Endowed Chair in the Department of Integrated Systems Engineering at the Ohio State University. He serves as the director of the Biodynamics Laboratory and is in the process of developing the Spine Research Institute at The Ohio State University. Dr. Marras also holds joint appointments in the Departments of Orthopaedic Surgery, Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, as well as Biomedical Engineering.

His research is centered on musculoskeletal causal pathway investigations including occupational biomechanical epidemiologic studies, laboratory biomechanics studies, mathematical modeling, and clinical studies of the spine. His findings have been published in over 200 peer reviewed journal articles and numerous books and book chapters including a recent book entitled "The Working Back: A Systems View." Professor Marras was the past Chair of the Board on Human Systems Integration at the National Research Council (NRC). He is currently Editor-in-Chief of Human Factors, Deputy Editor of Spine, and has been elected to the National Academy of Engineering (the National Academies).

関節痛と痛風の管理

Management of Joint Pains & Gout


当院ではMOHが実施している”Swab & Go Home Program”をご案内しています。

MOHの規定・基準を満たす症状がある患者さんへCOVID-19スワブテストをしています。

詳しくはお電話にてお問い合わせください。



ストレッチの重要性』について 

カイロプラクティック科担当 / 藤原 崇紀


頭痛について

カイロプラクティック科担当 / 藤原 崇紀


骨盤と腰痛』について 

カイロプラクティック科担当 / 藤原 崇紀


カイロプラクティックによる体のメンテナンス』について 

カイロプラクティック科担当 / 藤原 崇紀


カイロプラクティックとスポーツについて 

カイロプラクティック科担当 / 藤原 崇紀


膝の痛み』について 

カイロプラクティック科担当 / 藤原 崇紀


『自律神経と背骨』について 

カイロプラクティック科担当 / 藤原 崇紀


四十肩・五十肩』について 

カイロプラクティック科担当 / 藤原 崇紀


ストレートネックの予防と改善』について 

カイロプラクティック科担当 / 藤原 崇紀


『背骨と健康』について 

カイロプラクティック科担当 / 藤原 崇紀


器具の紹介

カイロプラクティック科担当 / 藤原 崇紀


カイロプラクティックの矯正器具について』について 

カイロプラクティック科担当 / 藤原 崇紀


水イボ(伝染性軟属腫)とは?

皮膚科担当 / ドン ラウ医師


手湿疹(主婦湿疹)について

皮膚科担当 / ドン ラウ医師


ダーモスコピー(拡大鏡)検査について

皮膚科担当 / ドン ラウ医師




巻き爪について

皮膚科担当 / ドン ラウ医師


ニキビについて

皮膚科担当 / ドン ラウ医師


デング熱について

総合診療・皮膚科担当 / ドン ラウ医師


水虫について

皮膚科担当 / ドン ラウ医師



ジカウイルスの感染を防ぎましょう

皮膚科担当 / ドン ラウ医師

>> Home へ戻る

MD エム・ディー メディカル

急性呼吸器感染症と診断されたPR保持者およびシンガポール人の患者さんは、シンガポール政府からの助成金であるFlu Subsidy Schemeがご利用いただけます。

詳しくはお電話にてお問い合わせください。


藤原 崇紀 / Taka Fujiwara

カイロプラクティック科担当

南カリフォルニア健康科学大学(アメリカ)卒

アメリカ政府認定・カイロプラクター


2020年3月よりMDIMC (MD エム・ディー メディカル) にて勤務開始 

ロサンゼルス、日本、シンガポールのクリニックで診療経験を積んできました。

カイロプラクティックの治療では、背骨、骨盤、関節の歪みを見つけ、ねじれ、傾き、深さなどを三次元的に判断し、その変位の方向・程度に合わせて精密に矯正します。首、肩、背中、腰、頭痛などの痛みでお困りの方は是非一度お試しください。

鎮痛治療、治療および管理

Pain Relief Treatment, Therapy & Management


疼痛緩和の管理、治療および治療:

非侵襲的、非薬理学的疼痛管理、神経根障害(神経痛)の治療、病気、病気、痛みの軽減

  • 脊椎マニピュレーション - 関節の問題
  • 術後/入院後のリハビリ/理学療法訓練を受けた医療スタッフ
  • 非侵襲的疼痛管理 妊娠中の治療
  • 線維筋痛症/めまいの管理
  • 肥満管理 – 運動と食事の計画
  • 不安、うつ病、処方薬の使用を減らす


Pain Relief Management, Treatment & Therapy:

Pain Treatment & Therapy

Non-invasive, Non-pharmacological Pain management, Treatment for Radiculopathies (Nerve pain), Decreases Disease, Illness, Pains & Aches

Spinal Manipulation - Joints Issues

Shoulder – Frozen Shoulder/ Rotator Cuff Tear/ Impingement Syndrome, Elbow – Tennis Elbow/ Golf Elbow, Hip / Knee – Anterior Knee Pain/ Runner’s Knee/ Meniscus Injury/ Ligament Injury

Pain Relief Management

- Migraines & Headaches, Facial Palsy

- Neck Pain

Neckaches/ Spondylosis/ Wry Neck/ Whiplash

- Sports Injuries / Rib Issues

Athletic injuries - Tennis/Golfers Elbow (pain on the outside or inside of your elbow), Patella tendonitis / tendonosis (Jumper’s Knee)

- Ankle & Foot issues

Plantar Fasciitis/ Heel Pain/ Metatarsalgia

- TMJ / Carpal Tunnel Issues

- Back & Shoulder Pain

Back Strain / Slipped Disc / Scoliosis / Sciatica / Spondylosis / Spondylolisthesis / Spondylolysis, Shoulder impingement/Frozen shoulder

- Joint Pain

Arthritis / Cartilage Wear & Tear / Osteoarthritis, Patellofemoral Knee pain (or pain at the front of the knee)

Better Posture & Movement

Posture issue – Scoliosis, Ligament – Sprains / ACL Laxity / Ankle Sprain, Muscle – Strains / ITB Tightness / Hamstring Tear Tendons – Tendonitis / Repetitive Strain Injury / Tendinopathy

Increased Wellness & Quality of Life

Improving Breathing / Sleep / Energy

Better Health, Happiness & Well-being, Stress management, Increased circulation, Reduced pain, Faster rehabilitation from injury, Increased lymphatic flow, Breaks up muscular scar tissue, Reduced lactic acid build up, Tissue Regeneration, Soft & Active tissue release

Fibromyalgia / Vertigo Management

Decrease anxiety, depression & prescription drug use

Post-Operation/ Post-Hospitalization Rehabilitation / Physiotherapy-trained Medical staff

Improved Immune system & Strength, Better Mobility & Wellbeing

Obesity control – Exercise & Meal Planning

Non-invasive Pain management Treatment during Pregnancy

Effective Non-pharmacological way to alleviate pain from Sciatica. When something injures or puts pressure on the sciatic nerve, it can cause pain in the lower back that spreads to the hip, buttocks, and leg.


疼痛緩和の管理と治療、予防接種、健康診断、COVID とアレルギーの検査、皮膚科の治療、軽度の外科手術

Pain Relief Management & Treatment, Vaccinations, Health Screening, COVID & Allergy Testing, Dermatology Treatments, Minor Surgical Procedures


Professional Medical Equipment

Pain Relief Management, Treatment & Therapy

Advanced Therapeutic Technology

Traction Therapy


医療処置:

  • 一般診療家庭医療 - 病気と感染症
  • マイナーな外科的処置
  • IV 薬の注入
  • 呼吸器内科 - インフルエンザ、風邪、咳、上気道感染症 (URTI)、急性呼吸器感染症 (ARI)、副鼻腔感染症
  • 胃の問題、胃の痛み、過敏性腸症候群、胸やけの治療
  • 感染症とウイルス学 - COVID-19、デング熱、インフルエンザ、B 型肝炎など
  • 皮膚科 - 皮膚の問題(湿疹、にきび、発疹、おでき、皮膚炎、色素沈着または乾燥肌、ほくろ/スキンタグ/いぼの除去)
  • ダーモスコピー - 皮膚がん、陰部シラミ、疥癬の非侵襲的検出
  • 虫刺されの治療
  • 若く見える - ボトックス注射
  • 目の健康 / 眼科 - 結膜炎、目の中の異物など
  • 呼吸器内科 - 咳、喘鳴、息切れ
  • 耳、鼻、のど (ENT) - 耳垢の除去、耳鼻咽喉炎、鼻出血 - 鼻出血、いびき & 睡眠時無呼吸、めまい & めまい、オージオグラム (聴力検査)
  • 痛みの管理、治療と治療 - 関節炎、背中と関節の痛み、片頭痛、痛風
  • スポーツ医学 - スポーツ傷害の治療
  • 予防接種 / 予防接種 - 最新のインフルエンザワクチン、Sinopharm COVID ワクチンおよびブースター
  • 旅行の健康 - 旅行の予防接種と健康診断、旅行者の下痢
  • アレルギー検査・アレルギー性鼻炎・喘息管理
  • 健康診断・血液検査
  • 慢性疾患の管理 - 前糖尿病、糖尿病、インスリン抵抗性/高血圧の治療
  • 心臓の健康 - ECG 心臓モニタリング / 高コレステロール管理 / 胸の痛み
  • 役員の健康診断 - 雇用前の健康診断 / 労働許可証 / 雇用パス
  • 学生証・運転免許証の確認
  • 個人の健康管理 - 予防医学と疾病予防
  • 高齢者・シニアの健康
  • 男性の健康 - 勃起不全の薬など
  • 女性の健康 - 骨粗鬆症、重い月経、乳房のしこり、尿路感染症、貧血、震え
  • 子供の健康と栄養/小児科
  • 肥満 / 体重管理 & 安全な減量 / 栄養 & ダイエット
  • うつ病 / 不安 / 不眠症 & ストレス管理
  • 性感染症 (STD)

最新のインフルエンザワクチン

Latest Influenza Vaccine

Asymptomatic patients may display no symptoms of illness. Vulnerable people should get vaccinated against Influenza which protects susceptible people from, as well as exclude the Flu and H1N1 viruses should they start to show URTI or ARI symptoms.

The latest Influenza Vaccine is now available. It protects against the Flu and H1N1 Viruses. Ministry of Health Safety protocols are adhered to at all times for the safe vaccination of you and your family.

* Importance of Keeping your Vaccinations Up-to-date


最適な健康のための健康的な食事

Healthy Diets for Optimal Health


COVID-19 と他の感染症との重複感染の可能性

Co-infection of COVID-19 with other infectious diseases is possible

Reduce your risk of getting sick with COVID-19

  • Make sure your vaccinations are up-to-date. People older than 65 years, and those with many underlying conditions, such as those who are immunocompromised or with significant liver disease, are recommended to receive vaccinations against Influenza and pneumococcal disease (PCV). Click here for Vaccination schedules (NAIS/NCIS).
  • Do not delay getting medical care for your underlying condition because of COVID-19. MD International Medical Centre has contingency MOH infection prevention protocols to protect you from getting COVID-19 if you need care for your underlying condition.
  • Continue your medications and do not change your treatment plan without talking to your doctor.
  • Make sure that you have at least a two-week supply of your chronic disease medications.
  • Call MDIMC @ Tel: 6694 1661 for a medical appointment if you have any concerns about your underlying medical conditions or if you get sick. Our clinic is a PHPC-accredited medical clinic. Under the MOH Swab & Go Home programme, our doctors can do a COVID-19 PCR Swab test if you meet the MOH medical crtieria.

COVID-19 感染で重症化するリスクが高いグループ

Groups at Higher Risk for Severe Illness in a COVID-19 Infection

Comorbidities & Underlying Health Conditions in COVID-19 Patients with Complications


  • 高血压
  • 糖尿病
  • 脑血管疾病
  • 心血管疾病
  • 慢性肺部疾病
  • 慢性肾病
  • 哮喘
  • 失智
  • 慢性神经系统疾病
  • 癌症
  • 风湿病
  • 肥胖
  • 抽烟
  • 慢性血液系统疾病/血红蛋白血液疾病
  • 肝病/乙型肝炎感染
  • 营养不良
  • 免疫缺陷/免疫功能低下,例如 HIV AIDS
  • 65岁及以上的人

(Ref: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41430-020-0642-3.pdf, Dailymail.co.uk, https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32320003/, Comorbidity and its impact on 1590 patients with Covid-19 in China: A Nationwide Analysis https://erj.ersjournals.com/content/early/2020/03/17/13993003.00547-2020



MD International Medical Centre

Medical Services available:

  • General Practice Family Medicine - Illnesses & Infections
  • Minor Surgical Procedures
  • IV Infusion of Medications
  • Respiratory Medicine - Influenza, Colds, Cough, Upper Respiratory Tract Infections (URTI), Acute Respiratory Infections (ARI), Sinus Infection
  • Treatment of Gastric issues, Stomach aches, Irritable Bowel Syndrome, Heartburn
  • Infectious diseases & Virology - COVID-19, Dengue, Flu, Hepatitis B etc
  • Dermatology - Skin Problems (Eczema, Acne, Rash, Boils, Dermatitis, Pigmented or Dry Skin, Moles /Skin Tags /Wart Removal)
  • Dermoscopy - Non-invasive Detection of Skin Cancer, Pubic lice & Scabies
  • Treatment of Insect Bites & Stings
  • Look Younger - Botox injections
  • Eye Health / Ophthalmology - Conjunctivitis, Foreign body in the Eye etc
  • Respiratory Medicine - Cough, Wheezing, Shortness of breath
  • Ear, Nose & Throat (ENT) - Ear Wax Removal, Ear Otitis Enterna, Nose Bleed-Epistaxis, Snoring & Sleep Apnoea, Vertigo & Dizziness, Audiogram (Hearing test)
  • Pain Management, Treatment & Therapy - Arthritis, Back & Joint Pain, Migraine, Gout
  • Sports Medicine - Treatment of Sports Injuries
  • Vaccinations / Immunization - Latest Flu vaccine, Sinopharm COVID Vaccine & Booster
  • Travel Health - Travel Vaccinations & Health checks, Travellers' Diarrhoea
  • Allergy tests / Allergic Rhinitis / Asthma Management
  • Health Screening / Blood tests
  • Management of Chronic Diseases - Treating Prediabetes, Diabetes & Insulin Resistance / Hypertension
  • Heart Health - ECG Heart monitoring / High Cholesterol management / Chest pains
  • Executive Health Assessment - Pre-Employment check-up / Work Permit / Employment Pass / Employment Pass
  • Student Pass / Driving License Check-up
  • Personal Health Management - Preventative Medicine & Disease Prevention
  • Elderly / Senior Health
  • Men's Health - Erectile Dysfunction medications etc
  • Women's Health- Osteoporosis, Heavy Periods, Breast lumps, Urinary Tract Infection, Anaemia, Tremors
  • Child Health & Nutrition / Paediatrics
  • Obesity / Weight control & Safe Weight loss / Nutrition & Diet
  • Depression / Anxiety / Insomnia & Stress Management
  • Erectile Dysfunction medications / Sexually transmitted diseases (STD)

Public Health Preparedness Clinic

National University Health System Primary Care Network

Singapore Ministry of Health Chronic Disease Management Programme (CDMP)

The information provided in this website is for knowledge purposes only. It does not constitute medical advice.

Should you encounter any medical problem that you are unsure of, always consult your doctor or health care provider for assistance and medical advice.

MD International Medical Centre / MD International (Singapore) Pte Ltd

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9 Taman Serasi #01-11, Botanic Gardens View

Tel : 65-6694-1661  Fax : 65-6694 1771

Email : contact@mdimc.sg

Clinic hours:

Monday to Friday: 9am-12.30pm / 2pm-6.30pm    Saturday: 9.30am-1pm

*Last registration is 30mins before the closing time

Closed on Sundays & Public Holidays

- Cashless service with most International Insurance companies and Insurance Medical cards are accepted

- Japanese, English & Mandarin-speaking Doctors and Medical staff

Please contact us at Tel: 6694 1661 to make an appointment.

Please make an appointment for the following at Tel: 6694 1661:

* Minor Surgical Procedure

* Health Screening / Blood Test

* Dermatology Treatment

* Allergy Testing

* Pain Treatment & Therapy

* Vaccination

* Pre-Departure PCR Swab Test / Serology Testing

  • 小型外科手术
  • 健康检查/验血
  • 皮肤科治疗
  • 过敏测试
  • 疼痛管理与治疗
  • 疫苗接种
  • 出发前 PCR 拭子检测
  • 血清学检测

OUR MEDICAL TEAM

Dr Don Lau – Medical Director

MBBS (Monash), B Med Sc (Hons) (Monash), Dip Pract Derm (Wales, UK)

Fujiwara Takanori

The Chiropractic Association Singapore, Japan Chiropractic Register, American Chiropractic Association, California Chiropractic Association

Physiotherapy-trained NBCE The National Board of Chiropractic Examiners

YAMAGATA Chihiro 山懸千尋

Registered Psychologist


MD International Medical Centre

Medical Services

Minor Surgical Procedures :

·       Injection for Supraspinatus or Bicipital Tendonitis / Epicondylitis / Trigger finger / Plantar Fasciitis

·       Tendon Sheath Injection

·       Excision of small Skin tumours / Lipomas / Nail bed / Ear lobe cysts / Meibomian cyst

·       Removal of Skin sutures / Skin tags / Sebaceous cysts / Various foreign bodies / Corneal foreign body

·       Liquid Nitrogen Therapy

·       Treatment of Plantar Warts / Calluses / Corns / Ganglions

·       Splinters under nails

·       Olecranon and Pre-patellar Bursitis

·       Ear syringing

·       Embedded earring stud


Recent Articles

  1. Symptoms of Diabetes Mellitus

    Dec 05, 22 10:20 PM

    Symptoms of Diabetes Mellitus describes what is Diabetes, the signs of diabetes and what type 1 and type 2 diabetes symptoms to watch for.

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  2. Diarrhoea: Acute diarrhoea in adults

    Dec 05, 22 10:14 PM

    Diarrhoea is the passage of many loose, watery, offensive bowel movements. It is a symptom, not a disease. 腹泻是许多松散、水样、令人反感的排便。它是一种症状,而不是一种疾病。

    Read More

  3. What is the cause of my coughing? Is my wheezing serious?

    Dec 05, 22 10:13 PM

    Find the possible causes for your coughing and wheezing. What is the treatment for it? 找出咳嗽和喘息的可能原因。它的治疗方法是什么?

    Read More