Autism, described first by Kanner in 1943, is a developmental disorder commencing in early childhood. Boys are 4 times more likely than girls to be affected. The main features are:
• Inability of the child to form normal social relationships, even with his or her own parents
• Delayed and disordered language development (about one-half of all autistic children never learn to speak effectively)
• Obsessive and ritualistic behaviours such as hand flapping, spinning, twiddling pieces of stick or string and hoarding unusual objects
• Restricted range of interests
• Lack of imagination and difficulty in development of play
• Anxiety over changes in routine
WHAT IS THE CAUSE OF AUTISM?
cause of autism is unknown and no one particular anatomical,
biochemical or genetic disorder has been found in those who suffer from
it. The problem appears to lie in that part of the brain responsible for
the development of language.
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF AUTISM?
Many autistic children appear physically healthy and well developed. However, they may show many disturbed behaviours. As infants they may cry a lot and need little sleep. They resist change in routine and often refuse to progress from milk and baby food to a solid diet. They avoid eye contact and often behave as if they are deaf. Normal bonding between mother and child does not occur and prolonged bouts of crying do not respond to cuddling. As the children get older and more agile they may show frequent tantrum behaviour, destructiveness, hyperactivity and a disregard for danger, requiring constant supervision to prevent harm to themselves or their environment.
Wendy Chung: Autism — what we know (and what we don't know yet)
In this calm and factual talk, geneticist Wendy Chung shares what we know about autism spectrum disorder — for example, that autism has multiple, perhaps interlocking, causes. Looking beyond the worry and concern that can surround a diagnosis, Chung and her team look at what we've learned through studies, treatments and careful listening.
WHAT IS THE TREATMENT FOR AUTISM?
There is no medical treatment for autism, although some medications may help for some of Aspergers symptoms. If there is a deterioration in behaviour or skills, a thorough medical check is required because the autistic child does not indicate pain or communicate clearly. Best results are obtained by early diagnosis, followed by a firm and consistent home management and early intervention program. Later the child will benefit from remedial education, either in a specialized facility or in a regular school with specialist backup. Speech therapy can help with language development, and non-speaking children can be taught alternative methods of communication.
Most difficult behaviours can be reduced or eliminated by a program of firm and consistent management.
WHAT IS THE OUTLOOK?
Behavioral and emotional problems may get worse in adolescence, especially during sexual development. Most autistic children have some degree of mental retardation, although some may have normal or superior intelligence (high functioning). Most require at least some degree of lifelong support in order to enjoy a good quality of life. As their expectancy is normal, this represents a considerable commitment from their families and community support services.
Autistic persons have an increased risk of developing epilepsy, and may suffer psychiatric complications such as anxiety, depression and obsessive-compulsive disorder as they get older. These require appropriate medical treatment.
WHERE TO SEEK ADVICE?
Consult your GP, who may refer you to a pediatrician or child psychiatrist. Assistance can also be obtained from Autism Associations in your country, which can provide full information regarding assessment and diagnostic services, management programs and family support services.
Mind-altering microbes: how the microbiome affects brain and behavior: Elaine Hsiao at TEDxCaltech
Elaine Hsiao is a postdoctoral fellow in chemistry and biology at Caltech. She received her undergraduate degree in microbiology, immunology and molecular genetics from UCLA and her doctoral degree in neurobiology from Caltech with Professor Paul Patterson. She studied neuroimmune mechanisms underlying the pathogenesis of neurodevelopmental disorders and uncovered a role for the commensal microbiota in regulating autism-related behaviors, metabolism, and intestinal physiology. Elaine has received several honors, including predoctoral fellowships from the National Institute of Health, Autism Speaks and the Caltech Innovation Program. She is currently studying the mechanisms by which microbes modulate host production of neuroactive molecules and aims to better understand how the human microbiota influences health and disease.
These other webpages below may also interest you, click to learn more about your health condition.
Healthy Diets for Optimal Health
A Gluten-free Diet can Reduce Autism & Asperger's Symptoms
Can a Wheat-free Diet help you to lose weight and reduce Obesity, Heart disease, Auto-immune diseases & Cancer, even Alzheimer's disease & Schizophrenia or reverse Diabetes & pre-Diabetes? Recent research has also shown promising results that a Gluten-free diet showed a reduction in the symptoms of Rheumatoid Arthritis and Osteoarthritis, Irritable Bowel Syndrome, Heartburn/GERD, ADHD, Asthma & allergies, even acne.
Watch the following videos by several doctors (Dr William Davies, Dr Sarah Hallberg, Dr Alessio Fasano, Dr David Perlmutter & Dr Rodney Ford) and decide for yourself whether you should adopt a Gluten-free diet if you are suffering from the above-listed medical conditions. Even unexplained diarrhea, headaches/migraines or chronic fatigue has been alleviated by going Gluten-free.
The case these doctors put forward based on research and empirical evidence from thousands of patients is that Wheat and Gluten contributes to this shocking host of diseases and chronic medical problems, and increasing the incidence of celiac disease and Autism.
What does Wheat & Gluten do to your body?
Foods containing wheat have an extremely high glycemic index (70+ out of a possible 100), that is the body suffers a sudden spike in blood glucose after a meal of food containing wheat. Add to that the fact that the wheat we are eating is completely dissimilar genetically to the wheat of the 1950's, after all the genetic modifications and mutations the plant has undergone.
The doctors also point out that Gluten causes prolonged periods of inflammation in the body, leading to many of the diseases most prevalent today. Ironically, foods containing wheat are actually appetite-enhancing and can cause sugar cravings.
William Davis MD - Wheat: The UNhealthy Whole Grain
The wheat of today is not the wheat of our mothers or grandmothers.
Modern wheat is the product of genetic manipulations that have
transformed its properties. Modern wheat is now a 2-foot tall,
high-yield semi-dwarf strain, different in both appearance and multiple
biochemical features from traditional wheat. Introduction of this new
strain of wheat was associated with the appearance of a long list of
health problems, along with weight gain and diabetes.
According to Dr. Davis, saying goodbye to all things wheat provides outsized and unexpected health benefits, from weight loss, to relief from acid reflux and bowel urgency, to reversal of diabetes, migraine headaches, and learning disabilities in children.
Dr. William Davis is author of the #1 New York Times bestselling book, Wheat Belly: Lose the wheat, lose the weight and find your path back to health (Rodale, 2011), now debuting internationally in over ten foreign languages. Wheat belly has helped spark a nationwide reconsideration of the conventional advice to "eat more healthy whole grains."
Formerly an interventional cardiologist, he now confines his practice to prevention and reversal of coronary disease in his practice in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Dr. Davis is a graduate of the St. Louis University School of Medicine, followed by training in internal medicine and cardiology at the Ohio State University Hospitals, and training in interventional cardiology at the Case--Western Reserve Hospitals in Cleveland, Ohio. He is also founder of the online heart disease prevention educational program, Track your Plaque.
Reversing Type 2 diabetes starts with ignoring the guidelines - Dr Sarah Hallberg | TEDxPurdueU
Can a person be "cured" of Type 2 Diabetes? Dr. Sarah Hallberg provides
compelling evidence that it can, and the solution is simpler than you
Dr. Sarah Hallberg is the Medical Director of the Medically Supervised Weight Loss Program at IU Health Arnett, a program she created. She is board certified in both obesity medicine and internal medicine and has a Master’s Degree in Exercise Physiology. She has recently created what is only the second non-surgical weight loss rotation in the country for medical students. Her program has consistently exceeded national benchmarks for weight loss, and has been highly successful in reversing diabetes and other metabolic diseases. Dr. Hallberg is also the co-author of www.fitteru.us, a blog about health and wellness.
Alessio Fasano MD - Spectrum of Gluten-Related Disorders: People Shall Not Live by Bread Alone
The cultivation of gluten-containing grains that were the backbone of
the agricultural revolution have also brought with them the
manifestation of conditions related to negative reactions to gluten.
These include celiac disease, wheat allergy and the "new kid on the
block" of the spectrum of gluten-related disorders—gluten sensitivity.
The autoimmune disorder of celiac disease is the most widely studied
condition on the spectrum. It affects approximately 1 in 133 people, a
rate that has doubled in the U.S. every 15 years over the past 35 years.
An estimate from the Center for Celiac Research puts gluten sensitivity
at 6% of the U.S. population. With current interest in the human genome
and microbiome, research is leading scientists to examine the
relationship between the intestinal microbiome and gluten-related
disorders. Currently the gluten-free diet is the only available
treatment for gluten-related disorders.
World-renowned pediatric gastroenterologist, research scientist, and entreprenuer Alessio Fasano, M.D., founded the Center for Celiac Research in 1996. The Center offers state-of-the art research, clinical expertise and teaching for the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of gluten-related disorders, including celiac disease, wheat allergy, and gluten sensitivity. Trained in Naples, Italy, as a pediatric gastroenterologist, Dr. Fasano was recruited to the University of Maryland School of Medicine in 1993 and founded its Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition. Puzzled by the absence of children exhibiting symptoms of celiac disease in the clinic, he resolved to uncover the mystery of missing American "celiacs." His perseverance in the face of skepticism about celiac disease in the U.S. eventually led to his publication of the groundbreaking study in 2003 that established the rate of the autoimmune disorder at one in 133 Americans.
In early 2013, Dr. Fasano was appointed Division Chief of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition at MassGeneral Hospital for Children. He brought the Center for Celiac Research to Boston, where he heads the Mucosal Immunology and Biology Research Center, based in Charlestown, and is Associate Chief for Basic, Clinical and Translational Research for the Department of Pediatrics at MassGeneral Hospital for Children. He is a Visiting Professor of Pediatrics at Harvard Medical School.
Dr. Mercola Interviews Dr. David Perlmutter, Author of Grain Brain
Natural health expert and Mercola.com founder Dr. Joseph Mercola interviews Dr. David Perlmutter about the implications of diet to Alzheimer's risk.
Here is a list of the Best Antioxidants and Free Radical Scavengers that you should be taking as dietary supplements daily as recommended by Dr David Perlmutter, author of 'Grain Brain':
These nutritional supplements reduce oxidative stress on your brain and body, thus protecting your health.
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MBBS (Monash), B.Med.Sc.(Hons) (Monash), Grad.Dip.Derm.(Wales,UK)
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Founder & President of AMDA - Association of Medical Doctors of Asia
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MBBS (Monash), B Med Sc (Hons) (Monash), Dip Pract Derm (Wales, UK)
Chairperson of AMDA Singapore
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MBBS, MMed(Ophth), FRCSEd(Ophth), MD, FAMS
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FRCS (ORL), FRCS(EDIN), (FRCSGLASG), FAMS, MBBS