Travel Health
- Guide for Travellers

Travellers to countries that have low standards of health and hygiene risk contracting infectious diseases. Most problems are caused by contaminated food and water and by mosquitoes, which transmit malaria, yellow fever, dengue and Japanese encephalitis.

Prevention is better than cure; the advice that follows is designed to minimise the chance of contracting a serious disease while travelling overseas.

Food and drink

Diseases that can be picked up from eating and drinking contaminated food include travellers’ diarrhoea, hepatitis A, cholera and typhoid.

While visiting countries at risk, drink only boiled water and reputable commercially bottled beverages. Avoid ice, dairy products, salads, uncooked foods, ice cream, raw seafood, shellfish and food from street vendors. You can purify water by boiling it or adding iodine tablets.

Vaccinations

Important recommended vaccinations are shown in the table. Your doctor will advise you on which vaccinations you will need. Other diseases to consider are rabies and typhus.

Malaria

One sting from an infected mosquito can cause serious illness. Malaria is common in many African, South American and South-East Asian countries. To prevent malaria, protect yourself from mosquitos and take anti-malarial drugs prescribed by your doctor.

Avoid rural areas after dusk. Use insect repellents that contain diethyltoluamide (such as Rid or Repellem). Wear protective light-coloured clothing with long sleeves and legs, and sleep in screened rooms or use mosquito nets. Avoid using cologne, perfume and aftershave.

Antimalarial drugs should be taken before exposure and up to 4 weeks after exposure to give maximum protection.

Malaria that resists drug treatment with chloroquine occurs in many countries, your doctor will prescribe another drug as well as or instead of the usual choloroquine if you are at risk of exposure to this type of malaria.

Drugs cannot guarantee 100% protection. If you develop an unexplained fever, sore throat or sever rash, seek medical advice.

Your destination

Different countries have different vaccination requirements. For advice about the country you intend to visit, contact your own doctor.

Diarrhoea

There are several ways to relieve and treat travellers’ diarrhoea:

1.       Avoid solid foods and drink small amounts of fluids often. (Remember: user only boiled water or safe commercial beverages.)

2.       Rest.

3.       Take antidiarrhoeal tablets as directed (for mild cases).

4.       When the diarrhoea has settled, eat light foods such as rice, bread or biscuits.

Some golden rules

·       Never carry a parcel or baggage to oblige a stranger.

·       Avoid casual sex. If not, use a condom.

·       ‘If you can’t peel it, boil it or cook it, don’t eat it.’

·     Never walk around barefoot at night in snake-infested areas (and use a torch).

·       Prevent mosquito bites.

A guide to vaccination for travellers for important diseases (in rural areas of high risk countries)

These other webpages below may also interest you, click to learn more about your health condition.

Diarrhea Treatment, Learn what is Gastroenteritis, Management of Irritable Bowel Syndrome & Heartburn or GERD


Healthy Diets for Optimal Health

The Surprising Science of Happiness | Dan Gilbert | TED Talks

Dan Gilbert, author of Stumbling on Happiness, challenges the idea that we'll be miserable if we don't get what we want. Our "psychological immune system" lets us feel truly happy even when things don't go as planned.

AMDA International Singapore Home page, AMDA International Peace Clinic Services, How to Lose Weight Safely & Identifying Insect Bites

The information provided in this website is for knowledge purposes only. It does not constitute medical advice.

Should you encounter any medical problem that you are unsure of, always consult your doctor or health care provider for assistance and medical advice.

Dr Don V H LAU   Chairperson of AMDA Singapore

MBBS (Monash), B.Med.Sc.(Hons) (Monash), Grad.Dip.Derm.(Wales,UK)

AMDA International Peace Clinic is a part of AMDA (Association of Medical Doctors of Asia). We are part of the network of AMDA Peace Clinics & Friendship Hospitals around the world. We dedicate part of our profits to AMDA's worldwide Emergency Disaster Aid Relief missions, Social Development projects and Vaccination programmes.

AMDA, founded in 1984 has carried out more than 160 missions in 65 countries over the last 32 years. It has contributed medical expertise and supplies to every major natural disaster since 1984. AMDA holds General Consultative Status with the United Nations ECOSOC since 1995.

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AMDA International Peace Clinic dedicates part of our profits to AMDA's Worldwide Emergency Disaster Aid Relief missions, Social Development projects & Vaccination programmes.

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MBBS (Monash), B Med Sc (Hons) (Monash), Dip Pract Derm (Wales, UK)

Chairperson of AMDA Singapore


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