High Blood Pressure
or Hypertension

High Blood Pressure or Hypertension is a serious chronic condition. Find out what is hypertension, the symptoms, causes and the self-help treatment you can adopt. A handy blood pressure chart is provided.

What is Hypertension?

Hypertension means high blood pressure and is present when your blood pressure is greater than normal levels for the population. It is one of the most common disorders requiring long term drug therapy.

What is Blood Pressure?

There are 2 types of blood pressure that we measure :

Systolic blood pressure - The systolic blood pressure is the pressure at the moment the heart pumps the blood.

Diastolic blood pressure - The diastolic blood pressure is the pressure at the moment when the heart relaxes and takes in blood.


Blood Pressure Readings

Blood pressure is measured in millimetres of mercury (mm Hg). We have hypertension if our blood pressure is greater than either the normal systolic pressure (130) or the normal diastolic pressure (80). The diastolic level is the more important, and so we aim to keep this pressure below 80.

Optimal or normal blood pressure readings for adults aged 18 years and older are therefore 130/80 (systolic/diastolic blood pressure) or lower.

Who gets Hypertension?

Anyone can get it. It is very common and affects more than 20% of the adult population in Western countries. Blood pressure tends to rise when we get older.

It is a silent killer as most people with hypertension are asymptomatic and unaware of their problem. Epidemiological studies have shown an association between hypertension and stroke, coronary heart disease, renal disease, heart failure and atrial fibrillation.

You should be more careful if you have a history of cardiovascular, cerebrovascular or peripheral vascular disease, renal disease, diabetes mellitus or recent weight gain.

Other cardiocascular risk factors include obesity, hyperlipidemia (high cholesterol), carbohydrate intolerance, smoking, high salt intake, alcohol consumption and not enough exercise. Click here for some Self-help High Blood Pressure Treatments.

Particular attention should be paid if you have a family history of hypertension, cardiovascular or cerebrovascular disease, hyperlipidemia (high cholesterol), obesity, diabetes mellitus, renal disease, alcohol abuse and premature sudden death.

Learn more about our affordable Health Screening & Blood test packages here.

- Basic Screening Plan for Regular health check including Coronary Risk

- Special Screening Plan for Healthy aging & Detection of Chronic diseases including Cardiac Risk

These other webpages below may also interest you, click to learn more about your health condition.

Hypertension Symptoms & Treatment, Blood Pressure monitoring, BP Chart

Health Risks and Effects of High Blood Pressure

You are more likely to have strokes and heart attacks than people in the normal blood pressure range. The risk of cardiovascular heart disease rises significantly with increasing blood pressure. With time the pressure can cause the heart and kidneys to wear out, that is heart failure and kidney failure.

By keeping your blood pressure numbers within normal limits, we reduce the risks of strokes and heart trouble, including heart failure and coronary attacks.

Certain organs can be damaged by hypertension including the heart (heart failure, ischaemic heart disease), the kidney (renal insufficiency), the retina in the eye (retinopathy), the blood vessels (peripheral vascular disease, aortic aneurysm) and the brain (cerebrovascular disease).

Death in hypertensive patients have been mostly due to stroke, heart failure and renal failure.

Factors that increase chances of dying in hypertensive patients are : male patient, young patient, family history, increasing diastolic pressure.

With hypertension, smoking, a family history of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, obesity, hyperlipidemia (high cholesterol) make up a sinister constellation.

Blood Pressure Monitoring

How often should you have a blood pressure check? It should be measured every year by your doctor. If you are over 40 years, it is wise to have it checked every year because it tends to creep up with age. Women on the pill need to be checked regularly.

You can also choose to purchase an automatic wrist blood pressure monitor or digital blood pressure monitor for your own home blood pressure monitoring.

Click here to refer to the Blood Pressure Chart.

Click here to know what are the Hypertension symptoms you should be aware of and the High blood pressure causes. You can also learn tips on better Hypertension management.

Find out how to lower blood pressure naturally, before you require long term blood pressure meds. You can also adopt The DASH Diet which lists foods that lower blood pressure.

The cholesterol hypothesis is wrong - Dr Malcolm Kendrick, Author of the 'The Great Cholesterol Con'

Ten contradictions from the medical literature that show why the cholesterol / saturated fat / heart disease hypothesis is wrong.

Dr Malcolm Kendrick, author of the best selling book "The Great Cholesterol Con" speaking at Rosemary Cottage Clinic Education Trust* Autumn Seminar, 27th September 2014, in Chichester West Sussex.


How a Wheat-free Diet can Improve your Chronic Illnesses

Can a Wheat-free Diet help you to lose weight and reduce Obesity, Heart disease, Auto-immune diseases & Cancer, even Alzheimer's disease & Schizophrenia or reverse Diabetes & pre-Diabetes? Recent research has also shown promising results that a Gluten-free diet showed a reduction in the symptoms of Rheumatoid Arthritis and Osteoarthritis, Irritable Bowel Syndrome, Heartburn/GERD, ADHD, Asthma & allergies, even acne.

Watch the following videos by several doctors (Dr William Davies, Dr Sarah Hallberg, Dr Alessio Fasano, Dr David Perlmutter & Dr Rodney Ford) and decide for yourself whether you should adopt a Gluten-free diet if you are suffering from the above-listed medical conditions. Even unexplained diarrhea, headaches/migraines or chronic fatigue has been alleviated by going Gluten-free.

The case these doctors put forward based on research and empirical evidence from thousands of patients is that Wheat and Gluten contributes to this shocking host of diseases and chronic medical problems, and increasing the incidence of celiac disease and Autism.

What does Wheat & Gluten do to your body?

Foods containing wheat have an extremely high glycemic index (70+ out of a possible 100), that is the body suffers a sudden spike in blood glucose after a meal of food containing wheat. Add to that the fact that the wheat we are eating is completely dissimilar genetically to the wheat of the 1950's, after all the genetic modifications and mutations the plant has undergone.

The doctors also point out that Gluten causes prolonged periods of inflammation in the body, leading to many of the diseases most prevalent today. Ironically, foods containing wheat are actually appetite-enhancing and can cause sugar cravings.

William Davis MD - Wheat: The UNhealthy Whole Grain

The wheat of today is not the wheat of our mothers or grandmothers. Modern wheat is the product of genetic manipulations that have transformed its properties. Modern wheat is now a 2-foot tall, high-yield semi-dwarf strain, different in both appearance and multiple biochemical features from traditional wheat. Introduction of this new strain of wheat was associated with the appearance of a long list of health problems, along with weight gain and diabetes.

According to Dr. Davis, saying goodbye to all things wheat provides outsized and unexpected health benefits, from weight loss, to relief from acid reflux and bowel urgency, to reversal of diabetes, migraine headaches, and learning disabilities in children.

Dr. William Davis is author of the #1 New York Times bestselling book, Wheat Belly: Lose the wheat, lose the weight and find your path back to health (Rodale, 2011), now debuting internationally in over ten foreign languages. Wheat belly has helped spark a nationwide reconsideration of the conventional advice to "eat more healthy whole grains."

Formerly an interventional cardiologist, he now confines his practice to prevention and reversal of coronary disease in his practice in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Dr. Davis is a graduate of the St. Louis University School of Medicine, followed by training in internal medicine and cardiology at the Ohio State University Hospitals, and training in interventional cardiology at the Case--Western Reserve Hospitals in Cleveland, Ohio. He is also founder of the online heart disease prevention educational program, Track your Plaque.

Reversing Type 2 diabetes starts with ignoring the guidelines - Dr Sarah Hallberg | TEDxPurdueU

Can a person be "cured" of Type 2 Diabetes? Dr. Sarah Hallberg provides compelling evidence that it can, and the solution is simpler than you might think.

Dr. Sarah Hallberg is the Medical Director of the Medically Supervised Weight Loss Program at IU Health Arnett, a program she created. She is board certified in both obesity medicine and internal medicine and has a Master’s Degree in Exercise Physiology. She has recently created what is only the second non-surgical weight loss rotation in the country for medical students. Her program has consistently exceeded national benchmarks for weight loss, and has been highly successful in reversing diabetes and other metabolic diseases. Dr. Hallberg is also the co-author of www.fitteru.us, a blog about health and wellness.

Alessio Fasano MD - Spectrum of Gluten-Related Disorders: People Shall Not Live by Bread Alone

The cultivation of gluten-containing grains that were the backbone of the agricultural revolution have also brought with them the manifestation of conditions related to negative reactions to gluten. These include celiac disease, wheat allergy and the "new kid on the block" of the spectrum of gluten-related disorders—gluten sensitivity. The autoimmune disorder of celiac disease is the most widely studied condition on the spectrum. It affects approximately 1 in 133 people, a rate that has doubled in the U.S. every 15 years over the past 35 years. An estimate from the Center for Celiac Research puts gluten sensitivity at 6% of the U.S. population. With current interest in the human genome and microbiome, research is leading scientists to examine the relationship between the intestinal microbiome and gluten-related disorders. Currently the gluten-free diet is the only available treatment for gluten-related disorders.

World-renowned pediatric gastroenterologist, research scientist, and entreprenuer Alessio Fasano, M.D., founded the Center for Celiac Research in 1996. The Center offers state-of-the art research, clinical expertise and teaching for the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of gluten-related disorders, including celiac disease, wheat allergy, and gluten sensitivity. Trained in Naples, Italy, as a pediatric gastroenterologist, Dr. Fasano was recruited to the University of Maryland School of Medicine in 1993 and founded its Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition. Puzzled by the absence of children exhibiting symptoms of celiac disease in the clinic, he resolved to uncover the mystery of missing American "celiacs." His perseverance in the face of skepticism about celiac disease in the U.S. eventually led to his publication of the groundbreaking study in 2003 that established the rate of the autoimmune disorder at one in 133 Americans.

In early 2013, Dr. Fasano was appointed Division Chief of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition at MassGeneral Hospital for Children. He brought the Center for Celiac Research to Boston, where he heads the Mucosal Immunology and Biology Research Center, based in Charlestown, and is Associate Chief for Basic, Clinical and Translational Research for the Department of Pediatrics at MassGeneral Hospital for Children. He is a Visiting Professor of Pediatrics at Harvard Medical School.

Dr. Mercola Interviews Dr. David Perlmutter, Author of Grain Brain

Natural health expert and Mercola.com founder Dr. Joseph Mercola interviews Dr. David Perlmutter about the implications of diet to Alzheimer's risk.

Here is a list of the Best Antioxidants and Free Radical Scavengers that you should be taking as dietary supplements daily as recommended by Dr David Perlmutter, author of 'Grain Brain':

  • Tumeric
  • DHA Omega 3
  • B complex vitamins (including Vitamin B12)
  • Vitamin C & D
  • Bacopa
  • Brocolli
  • Alpha-Lipoic acid 300 (ALA)
  • Ashwagandha
  • Resveratrol
  • Milk Thistle
  • Green Tea
  • Probiotics
  • Coenzyme Q10 (coq10)

These nutritional supplements reduce oxidative stress on your brain and body, thus protecting your health.

Learn more about our affordable Health Screening & Blood test packages here.

- Basic Screening Plan for Regular health check including Coronary Risk

- Special Screening Plan for Healthy aging & Detection of Chronic diseases including Cardiac Risk

These other webpages below may also interest you, click to learn more about your health condition.

Heart Health - Coronary Heart Disease, Learn what is Angina and Stroke, as well as How to Lower Cholesterol


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The information provided in this website is for knowledge purposes only. It does not constitute medical advice.

Should you encounter any medical problem that you are unsure of, always consult your doctor or health care provider for assistance and medical advice.

Dr Don V H LAU   Chairperson of AMDA Singapore

MBBS (Monash), B.Med.Sc.(Hons) (Monash), Grad.Dip.Derm.(Wales,UK)

AMDA International Peace Clinic is a part of AMDA (Association of Medical Doctors of Asia). We are part of the network of AMDA Peace Clinics & Friendship Hospitals around the world. We dedicate part of our profits to AMDA's worldwide Emergency Disaster Aid Relief missions, Social Development projects and Vaccination programmes.

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Chairperson of AMDA Singapore


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